Inhabit sandy, rocky and coral bottoms (Ref. 5521). More common on seaward reefs than on protected reefs. Retreat into recesses when alarmed (Ref. 9710). Nocturnal (Ref. 37108). Secretive, found deep in crevices between branches of live corals (Ref. 26938). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 240).
- Smith-Vaniz, W.F., B.B. Collette and B.E. Luckhurst 1999 Fishes of Bermuda: history, zoogeography, annotated checklist, and identification keys. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Special Publication No. 4. 424 p. (Ref. 35505)
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