Known from the continental shelves, sometimes at depths greater than 130 m (Ref. 57879). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 559).
- Randall, J.E. and K.K.P. Lim (eds.) 2000 A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. Raffles Bull. Zool. Suppl. (8):569-667. (Ref. 36648)
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