Inhabits standing to slow-flowing water; most common in vegetated ponds and lakes, backwaters and quiet pools of streams (Ref. 5723). Most abundant in lower reaches of streams (Ref. 44091). Frequents brackish water. Feeds on insects, zooplankton and detritus. Used as live food for carnivorous aquarium fishes (Ref. 5723).
- Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr 1991 A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=5723&speccode=2590