North America: Eastern and central United States. Two subspecies were recognized by Boltz & Stauffer 1993 (Ref. 34807): Aphredoderus sayanus sayanus in Atlantic Coast drainages from New York to Georgia; and A. sayanus gibbosus in the Mississippi River, Great Lakes, and western Gulf Coast drainages, with intergrades in Gulf Coast and Atlantic Coast drainages between Mississippi and Georgia.
- Poly, W.J. 2004 Family Aphredoderidae Bonaparte 1846. Pirate perches. Calif. Acad. Sci. Annotated Checklists of Fishes (24):5. (Ref. 51650) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=51650&speccode=3064