Occur usually in fresh waters, but occasionally encountered in brackish waters of intermittent streams during dry seasons. Also found in flooded fields and marginal swamps along courses of streams and rivers.
- Miller, P.J. 1990 Gobiidae. p. 925-951. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon, SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 5299) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=5299&speccode=2492