South America: Amazon and Orinoco River basins and major rivers of French Guiana.
- Lundberg, J.G. and M.W. Littmann 2003 Pimelodidae (Long-whiskered catfishes). p. 432-446. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36506)
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