Found in rocky reefs exposed to surge (Ref. 11482). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
- Allen, G.R. and D.R. Robertson 1994 Fishes of the tropical eastern Pacific. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 332 p. (Ref. 11482) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=11482&speccode=46802
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