This species is distinguished from its congeners, except H. jelskii, by the size of humeral spot over 7-8 horizontal series of scales (vs. 3-6). H. helleri differs from H. jelskii by the number of branched anal-fin rays (19-23 vs. 25-30), and number of scales along anal-fin base scale sheath (6-12 vs. 13-28). It is rather similar to H. inambari, but can be distinguished by the size of humeral spot (over 7-8 vs. 5-6 horizontal series of scales), number of predorsal scales (16-18 vs. 13-16), and by the total number of vertebrae (41-43 vs. 39-40) (Ref. 85819).
- Bertaco, V.A. and L.R. Malabarba 2010 A review of the Cis-Andean species of Hemibrycon GÃ¼nther (Teleostei: Characiformes: Characidae: Stevardiinae), with description of two new species. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 8(4):737-770. (Ref. 85819) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=85819&speccode=12362
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