Occurs in ponds (Ref. 11229). Feeds on worms, crustaceans, insects and plants. Oviparous (Ref. 205). In captivity, spawning occurs among plants and eggs hatch usually in 20 to 24 hours. One of the hardiest tropical fishes for the home aquarium (Ref. 7020). Aquarium keeping: eats plants; in groups of 5 or more individuals; minimum aquarium size 80 cm (Ref. 51539).
- GÃ©ry, J. 1977 Characoids of the world. Neptune City ; Reigate : T.F.H. [etc.]; 672 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 23 cm. (Ref. 598) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=598&speccode=263
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