Common in shallow areas and near banks (Ref. 27749). Reproductive biology in upper Orinoco basin provided by Lasso et al. (1997a), where females appear to bear only two young per gestation. Larger individuals may attain 25 kg in weight. Food includes insects, crustaceans and fishes (Ref. 36687).
- de Carvalho, M.R., N. Lovejoy and R.S. Rosa 2003 Potamotrygonidae (River stingrays). p. 22-28. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36687)
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