In fast-flowing rivers as well as in flooded areas; feeds on algae and detritus (Ref. 13371). Aquarium keeping: feeds on plants and roots; minimum aquarium size 120 cm (Ref. 51539).
- Burgess, W.E. 1989 An atlas of freshwater and marine catfishes. A preliminary survey of the Siluriformes. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey (USA). 784 p. (Ref. 6868)
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