Found usually on soft muddy or sandy bottoms. Also on rocky bottoms, in estuaries, bays and continental shelf (Ref. 9563). In New Zealand, most abundant in 200 to 300 m along the edge of the continental shelf. May be found at depths exceeding 700 m (Ref. 9258). Feeds primarily on fishes, cephalopods, crabs and other crustaceans. Utilized as frozen fillets as well as fish blocks; eaten steamed, fried, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).
- Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba 1990 FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
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