Juveniles inhabit sandy shorelines and shallow sandy or muddy bays near river mouths while adults move out in schools to clear seaward reefs. Found near coral and rock reefs (Ref. 5213). Juveniles in small schools, while adults are usually solitary (Ref. 48635). Feeds primarily on sand mollusks and other hard-shelled invertebrates (Ref. 9710).
- Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley 1989 Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=7300&speccode=10446