Occur in inshore oceanic waters often associated with reefs, jetties and pylons (Ref. 6390), sometimes entering estuaries (Ref. 9563). Prefer warmer water (18-24°C) although they are occasionally found in cooler water (Ref. 27128).
- Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley 1989 Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=7300&speccode=10446