A pelagic and demersal species found in coastal waters up to at least 50 m depth (Ref. 9283). Generally forms schools near the bottom (Ref. 9283). Juveniles are encountered near the surface (Ref. 9283). Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 9283). Marketed fresh and salted or dried (Ref. 9283).
- Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=2850&speccode=2592