Occurs over continental shelves (Ref. 5217). No real fishery (Ref. 51310). Edibility not known (Ref. 51310).
- Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 2003 Carangidae. Jacks and scads (bumpers, pompanos, leatherjacks, amberjacks, pilotfishes, rudderfishes). p. 1426-1468. In K.E. Carpenter (ed.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 3: Bony fishes part 2 (Opistognathidae to Molidae), sea turtles and marine mammals. (Ref. 51310) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=51310&speccode=1955
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