A schooling species generally not far from the coast (Ref. 5217). Juveniles often found in association with floating Sargassum (Ref. 5217). Feed on fishes, shrimps, and other invertebrates. Spawn offshore from January through August (Ref. 26938). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233). Excellent food fish (Ref. 9626); marketed fresh, frozen (Ref. 5521), and salted. Often used for bait (Ref. 26938).
- Smith-Vaniz, W.F., J.-C. QuÃ©ro and M. Desoutter 1990 Carangidae. p. 729-755. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7097) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=7097&speccode=71
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