Common in clear insular areas or in coral reefs off mainland coasts (Ref. 5217). Juveniles frequent areas with algae (e.g. Sargassum) (Ref. 26235). Usually in schools which may be spawning groups; occasionally solitary. Feeds on fishes, shrimps and other invertebrates. Marketed fresh (Ref. 56217). Easily approached (Ref. 9710). Large individuals have caused ciguatera when eaten (Ref. 13442).
- Berry, F.H. and W.F. Smith-Vaniz 1978 Carangidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). volume 1. FAO, Rome. [var. pag.]. (Ref. 3277) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=3277&speccode=378
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