A coastal and oceanic species, associated with reefs (Ref. 9283). Occurs inshore (Ref. 7300). Juvenile occurs seasonally in shallow sandy inshore waters (Ref. 9710). Found in rivers (Ref. 12792). Feeds mainly on other fishes (Ref. 9283), also crustaceans (Ref. 9710).
- Sudekum, A.E., J.D. Parrish, R.L. Radtke and S. Ralston 1991 Life history and ecology of large jacks in undisturbed, shallow, oceanic communities. Fish. Bull. 89:493-513. (Ref. 6057) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=6057&speccode=1906