Found on the continental shelf, generally near the coast but also in deeper waters; penetrated estuaries (Ref. 9283). Juveniles are often found in estuarine waters (Ref. 9283). Feeds mainly on silver-colored fishes, but also takes squids, shrimps and other invertebrates (Ref. 9283). Marketed fresh, salted or dried, and smoked; also utilized as fishmeal and source of oil (Ref. 9283).
- Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=2850&speccode=2592
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