Found onshore but most common in less than 300 m. Shallow-water specimens feed on crustaceans, worms and fish. Moves into bays and coastal waters during colder weather (Ref. 26938). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 57178.
- Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba 1990 FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=1371&speccode=25
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