A schooling species most commonly found in bays and inlets (the fourth most abundant fish taken by various gear in Newport Bay, California; its eggs are the most abundant of 7 species sampled, especially in May). The ovarian eggs are spherical. Eggs and larvae are planktonic (Ref. 35602). Feeds on plankton (Ref. 8593). Basically filter-feeders, but at times have been observed feeding by selection (Ref. 4930). Normally used as bait (Ref. 9298).
- Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
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