Common in shallow sheltered waters like harbors, etc., forming compact schools. Spawning peak is in July or August. Eggs are ellipsoidal (Ref. 189).
- Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=189&speccode=4
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