Feeds mainly on benthic organisms (Ref. 26807). Preyed upon by cod, pollock, white hake, harbor and grey seals. Parasites of the species include Lepidapedon rachion, Myxidium bergense, a coccidian parasite Eimeria gadi, 4 protozoans, 2 myxosporidians, 2 trematodes, 2 cestodes, 6 nematodes, 2 acanthocephalans and 4 copepods (Ref. 5951). See also Ref. 8999.
- Pauly, D. 1989 Food consumption by tropical and temperate fish populations: some generalizations. J. Fish Biol. 35(Suppl. A):11-20. (Ref. 4587) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=4587&speccode=313
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