Spawning occurs in typically marine waters between 50 and 150 m depth.
- Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba 1990 FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=1371&speccode=25
No one has provided updates yet.