Found mostly in the mesopelagic area (Ref. 35904). Possibly undergoes vertical migration (Ref. 35904). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 35904).
- Paulin, C., A. Stewart, C. Roberts and P. McMillan 1989 New Zealand fish: a complete guide. National Museum of New Zealand Miscellaneous Series No. 19. 279 p. (Ref. 5755) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=5755&speccode=464
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