Forms large schools among mangroves in estuaries and brackish river mouths; also abundant in salt pans (Ref. 11482). Often in turbid, shallow surface waters. Ingests ooze and detritus (Ref. 36880). A truly viviparous fish (Ref. 45952).
- Allen, G.R. and D.R. Robertson 1994 Fishes of the tropical eastern Pacific. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 332 p. (Ref. 11482) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=11482&speccode=46802
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