Western Atlantic: northwestern South America to the mouth of the Amazon.
- Uyeno, T., K. Matsuura and E. Fujii (eds.) 1983 Fishes trawled off Suriname and French Guiana. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Tokyo, Japan. 519 p. (Ref. 13608) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=13608&speccode=14336
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