A lacustrine, pelagic species. Males reproduce for the first time at 2-3 years, females at 3-4; most reproduce only once or twice. Spawns at temperatures above 15-16°C in June to August, along the shores near the surface at night with bright moonlights. Feeds mainly on cladocerans and copepods, also on small fish (Ref. 59043).
- Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof 2007 Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043)
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