Inhabits lower to middle river valleys as well as lakes. Found over rocks, sand, silt or mud. Feeds on benthic detritus, aquatic plants and invertebrates (Ref. 7335). Reported size in captivity to about 25 cm for males and 18 cm for females (Paul Stevens, pers. comm.).
- Conkel, D. 1993 Cichlids of North and Central America. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., USA. (Ref. 7335) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=7335&speccode=28234
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