Inhabits lakes, preferring mesotrophic waters with a mud or sand bottom. Some populations have migrated into the lower river valleys with slow to moderate flowing waters. Feeds mainly on plant and vegetable matter supplemented by invertebrates and aquatic insects.
- Conkel, D. 1993 Cichlids of North and Central America. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., USA. (Ref. 7335) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=7335&speccode=28234
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