Inhabit clear, black and white water. Aquarium keeping: several females for one male; minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51539). Eggs are deposited on the ceiling of caves and are tendered by the female parent (Ref. 1672).
- Kullander, S.O. 1986 Cichlid fishes of the Amazon River drainage of Peru. Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Research Division, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden, 394 p. (Ref. 9088) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9088&speccode=26733