Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 5316). Enters sheltered muddy estuaries where laying out in the open on the bottom (Ref. 48635). Most specimens from dredge and trawl collections (Ref. 5316). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
- Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley 1989 Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=7300&speccode=10446