Typically found on small and sparse seagrass or algae that grow adjacent to reefs at shallow to moderate depths. Usually found in pairs (Ref. 48635). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
- Dawson, C.E. 1986 Syngnathidae. p. 445-458. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4281)
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