Adults inhabit coral and rocky reefs (Ref. 9334). Somewhat territorial, they chase away small intruders (Ref. 5227). Omnivorous, they graze on algae and nibbles at small crustaceans and the tentacles of anemones (Ref. 28023). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
- Grove, J.S. and R.J. Lavenberg 1997 The fishes of the GalÃ¡pagos Islands. Stanford University Press, Stanford, 863 p. (Ref. 28023) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=28023&speccode=149
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