Southwest Pacific: Australia, including Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands and New Zealand, including Kermadec Islands (Ref. 8879). Including New Caledonia (Ref. 33352).
- Francis, M.P. 1993 Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, Southwest Pacific Ocean. Pac. Sci. 47(2):136-170. (Ref. 8879) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=8879&speccode=27509
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