In small and larger coastal streams (Ref. 6329). Females care for the eggs and larvae while males defend the territory (Ref. 40602).
- Kullander, S.O. 2003 Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=36377&speccode=6318
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