Occurs usually in large schools over a variety of bottom types. Young hide in vegetation.
- Lee, D.S., S.P. Platania and G.H. Burgess 1983 Atlas of North American freshwater fishes, 1983 supplement. Occasional Papers of the North Carolina Biological Survey no. 1983-6. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, N.C. 67 p. (Ref. 13498) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=13498&speccode=27638
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