Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea (Ref. 6993) and New Zealand (Ref. 5755). Eastern Pacific: southern British Columbia, Canada to California, USA and farther south (Ref. 2850).
- Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=2850&speccode=2592
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