Branchiostegal rays: 10 (Ref. 35838). Lower preopercular spine downward and curved forward, upper preopercular spine curved outward. Two postabdominal spines directed ventrally (Ref. 37473).
- Watson, W. 1996 Sternoptychidae: hatchetfishes. p. 268-283. In H.G. Moser (ed.) The early stages of fishes in the California Current Region. California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations (CalCOFI) Atlas No. 33. Allen Press, Inc., Lawrence, Kansas. 1505 p. (Ref. 35838)
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