Found in ponds (Ref. 11229). Feeds on worms, crustaceans, insects and plant matter (Ref. 7020). Aquarium keeping: in groups of 5 or more individuals; minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51539).
- Burgess, W.E. 1989 An atlas of freshwater and marine catfishes. A preliminary survey of the Siluriformes. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey (USA). 784 p. (Ref. 6868) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=6868&speccode=50990
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