Its electric organ discharge (EOD) is steroid-sensitive (Ref. 10765; 10764). A mature male was reported to have an EOD waveform twice as long as that of two mature females (Ref. 10764).
- Hopkins, C.D., S. LavouÃ© and J.P. Sullivan 2007 Mormyridae. p. 219-334. In M.L.J. Stiassny, G.G. Teugels and C.D. Hopkins (eds.) The fresh and brackish water fishes of Lower Guinea, West-Central Africa. Volume I. Collection Faune et Flore tropicales 42. Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France, Muséum National dHistoire Naturelle, Paris, France, and Musée Royal de lAfrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgium. 800 pp. (Ref. 81635) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=81635&speccode=10825
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