Adults swim mainly in the upper and middle water layers. Feed on worms, small insects and crustaceans (Ref. 5723). Aquarium keeping: in groups of 5 or more individuals; minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51150). Mature males always with gill glands and hooks in the anal fin ray (Ref. 58431).
- Lima, R.S. 2003 Subfamily Aphyocharacinae (Characins). p. 197-199. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 38382) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=38382&speccode=10618
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