Coastal pelagic or demersal (Ref. 5217). Smaller juveniles epipelagic in oceanic or offshore neritic waters. Feed on squids and fishes (Ref. 4233). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233).
- Smith-Vaniz, W.F., J.-C. QuÃ©ro and M. Desoutter 1990 Carangidae. p. 729-755. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7097) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=7097&speccode=71
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