Inhabits shallow coastal waters, on sandy and muddy bottoms, and not normally found in lagoons and estuaries (Ref. 244). Feeds on small bony fishes, including sardines and anchovies, also shrimp and squid (Ref. 244). Viviparous, with 1 to 4 young in a litter; size at birth 33 to 34 cm (Ref. 244). Its flesh is highly appreciated and is marketed dried salted.
- Compagno, L.J.V. 1999 Checklist of living elasmobranchs. p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. John Hopkins University Press, Maryland. (Ref. 35766)
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