Found mainly on muddy bottom (Ref. 26999). Feeds on small sharks and jacks. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Utilized dried salted and fresh for human consumption; liver oil and hide also utilized (Ref. 247).
- Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 247) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=247&speccode=88
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