Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Number of young 2 to 15 (Ref. 26346). Gestation period is probably very long, one to two years (Ref. 39551). Size at birth 40-60 cm (Ref. 6871). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
- Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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