Presumably schooling occurring mostly (or always ?) close inshore and entering bays and estuaries. Recorded at a temperature range of 26.0-29.0 °C in the Trinity Inlet system, Australia (Ref. 4959). Feeds mainly on crustaceans (zoea larvae, amphipods, Acetes). More data needed, including some functional explanation for the extraordinarily long maxillae. May be caught using ringnets (Ref. 5213). Used as bait in the tuna fishery in the South Pacific.
- Munroe, T.A. and M. Nizinski 1999 Engraulidae. Anchovies. p. 1698-1706. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9822)
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