Usually found near the bottom; juveniles occur in surface waters often near bays and river mouths. Form schools. Feed on crustaceans and small fishes (Ref. 4233). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233).
- Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1986 Carangidae. p. 815-844. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 4233) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=4233&speccode=1894
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