Adults usually found near the bottom from inshore waters to at least 54 m depth, but may form schools near the surface (Ref. 5217). Juveniles are found on muddy bottoms brackish estuaries and in coastal marine waters (Ref. 5217). Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans. Good food fish and marketed fresh.
- CervigÃ³n, F. 1993 Los peces marinos de Venezuela. Volume 2. Fundación Científica Los Roques, Caracas,Venezuela. 497 p. (Ref. 9626) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9626&speccode=171